Another pioneer of studio glassmaking was Jean Sala (1895-1976), the son of a Catalonian glassworker. In 1904, the Sala family moved from Spain to France, settling in Paris. Sala set up his own hot-glass facility in Montparnasse around 1920. He melted his glass at a small furnace that he fanned with a hand bellows, and he blew small vessels and glass animals by himself. Sala used a bubbly, porous glass that he called malfin (coarse) because it resembled the weathered surfaces of ancient glass. He also created works in pâte de verre (glass paste), which involves grinding glass to a powder, adding a binding agent, and casting and firing the mixture in a mold. Sala worked on his own until about 1938, when he joined the Saint Louis glassworks as artistic director. In 1945, he returned to his studio, where he made his own glass until 1951. This small bowl with applied decoration was blown by Sala in malfin glass.