This ruby glass bowl is decorated with cut facets resembling the stylized leaves of a lotus flower, an ornament that was often wheel-cut on glass bowls and enamel-painted on porcelain bowls dating from the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). In the classical literature of Buddhist cultures, the lotus represents enlightenment, rebirth, elegance, beauty, perfection, purity, and grace. This symbol was often used in poems and songs as an allegory of ideal feminine attributes. Like other Chinese domestic objects, this bowl is indicative of cross-cultural influences. It is made of translucent deep, even ruby-colored glass with a technique that was mastered in Europe and brought to East Asia by traveling Jesuit scholars, who were appreciated particularly for their scientific knowledge. Some of them helped to establish glass workshops in China. However, the geometric cutting on the bowl originated with local craftsmen who were trained in the long tradition of hard-stone carving. The facets, cut in multiple regular rows, can also be seen on vessels carved from locally quarried rock crystal and nephrite.