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The Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) (r) is a structured vocabulary for generic concepts related to art and architecture. It was developed by The Getty Research Institute to help research institutions become consistent in the terminology they use.Learn More

Object Name: 
Accession Number: 
Overall H: 23.8 cm, Diam (max): 10.8 cm
On Display
Web Description: 
The discovery that vessels can be formed and decorated by inflating a gob of glass in a mold permitted large numbers of virtually identical objects to be produced quickly and inexpensively. The first-century Roman writer Pliny believed that glassmaking had been invented at Sidon (in modern Lebanon), which in his day was still a famous center of production. For this reason, the earliest mold-blown vessels are frequently described as “Sidonian,” although we cannot be sure if any were actually made there. The finest “Sidonian” vessels bear the signature of Ennion. The quality of the vessel depended on the quality of the mold in which it was blown. Ennion may have been a particularly skillful moldmaker, rather than the proprietor or gaffer (master craftsman) of a glassmaking workshop. On this ewer, the signature (“Ennion made [it]”), written in Greek, is in a panel beneath the handle.
Smith, Ray Winfield, Source
below handle in tabula ansata Greek
Primary Description: 
Tansparent amber glass with impurities and small bubbles; body and neck blown in four-part mold, rim reworked, handle applied. Jug with cylindrical neck, ovoid body and pedestal base (missing). Rim outsplayed, folded upward and inward; wide cylindrical neck; trace of pedestal base; handle with two ribs, which rises above and overhangs mouth, attached to shoulder and rim. Mold-blown decoration in four registers on neck and body: (a) on neck, vertical flutes with rounded ends, with four cordons beneath; (b) on shoulder, continuous spray of alternate upright and inverted palmettes, attached to lowest cordon beneath (a); (c) beneath three cordons, band of honeycomb pattern of many lozenges, with tabula ansata containing inscription "ENNIωN/ EПOIEI" ('Ennion makes [it]') in Greek; (d) with two cordons above and below, vertical flutes rounded at top.
Glass of the Caesars
British Museum 1987-11-18 through 1988-03-06
Romisch-Germanisches Museum 1988-04-15 through 1988-10-18
Musei Capitolini 1988-11-03 through 1989-01-31
Corning Museum of Glass
Glass from the Ancient World
Corning Museum of Glass 1957-06-04 through 1957-09-15
An Exhibition of Augustan Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art 1939
Escort Guide to the Galleries (2013) illustrated, p. 12; BIB# 134015
Escort Guide to the Galleries [V4/2013] (2013) illustrated, p. 12; BIB# 134856
Glass: A Short History (The British Museum edition) (2012) illustrated, p. 32; BIB# 135965
Glass: A Short History (Smithsonian Books edition) (2012) illustrated, p. 32; BIB# 130360
The illustrated encyclopedia of glass (2011) illustrated, p. 223; BIB# 128671
The Corning Museum of Glass (2009-01) illustrated, p. 234, Fig. 4;
Corning Museum of Glass (2009-01) illustrated, p. 4; BIB# 109342
The Gather (2008) illustrated, back cover;
Frabel: Excellence in Glass Art (2007) illustrated, p. 55; BIB# 100291
The Decanter: An Illustrated History of Glass from 1650 (2004) illustrated, p. 281, pl. 395; BIB# 67221
New Glass Review, 24 (2003) illustrated, p. 40;
Glass: making use of the secrets of matter (2003) illustrated, p. 33; BIB# 76451
Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass, Volume Two (2001) illustrated, pp. 19-20, pl. 483; BIB# 58895
The Encyclopedia of Glass (2001) illustrated, p.183; BIB# 69319
Beauty of Glass (2000) illustrated, p. 58; BIB# 77736
Enciclopedia Dell'Arte Antica, classica e orientale (1997) illustrated, p. 1024, fig. 1300, right;
Roman Glass: Reflections on Everyday Life (1997) illustrated, p. 12 (plate 9); BIB# 41305
La Fenice di Sabbia: Storia e Tecnologia del vetro Antico (1995) illustrated, p. 27, fig. 41; p. 28; p. 40, pl. 41; BIB# 39935
Das Glas in der Antike (1992) p. 150;
Seasons Greetings from Sherry-Lehmann (1990/11) illustrated, p. 53; BIB# 90994
A Short History of Glass (1990 edition) (1990) illustrated, pp. 22-23, #13; p. 27; BIB# 33211
L'Histoire du Verre: A Travers Les Tresors du Musee de Corning (1990) illustrated, p. 58;
Masterpieces of Glass: A World History From The Corning Museum of Glass (1990) illustrated, pp. 42-43, pl. 13; BIB# 33819
Glass Of The Roman Empire (1988) illustrated, pp. 34-35, fig. 13; pp. 7, 9; BIB# 32608
Title Unknown (New England Antiques Journal) (1987-03) illustrated, p. 10;
Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass (postcards) (1987) illustrated, #14; BIB# 34348
Glass of the Caesars (1987) illustrated, p. 166, #87; BIB# 31831
Book of Glass (1986) p. 40;
Roman Glass in Italy: The Origin of An Industry (1984) illustrated, p. 50;
Garasu Nyumon (Introduction to Glass) (1983) illustrated, p. 96; BIB# 32417
A Short History of Glass (1980 edition) (1980) illustrated, p. 23, #13; BIB# 21161
Glass from the Ancient World: The Ray Winfield Smith Collection (1957) illustrated, pp. 56-57, #67; BIB# 27315
A History of Technology (1956) p. 322, fig. 300, drawing; BIB# 20319
The Social & Economic History of the Hellenistic World (1953) p. 1022, pl. XIC (#1); BIB# 18810
The Social & Economic History of the Hellenistic World (1941) p. 1022, pl. XIC, #1; BIB# 18815
Houston Chronicle (1939-09-07)
Romano-Syrian Glasses with Mould-Blown Inscriptions (1935) p. 168;