The internationally acclaimed Czech artist Stanislav Libenský, with his wife and artistic partner, Jaroslava Brychtová, pioneered, explored, developed, and defined large-scale cast glass as a medium for modern sculpture. Their art explored ideas about light, space, transparency, and volume. This goblet and other designs for blown and enameled glass were created by Libenský before he met, and began working with, Brychtová. A unique group of Libenský’s design drawings from this period is housed in the collection of the Museum’s Rakow Research Library. The goblet is an important addition to the collection of design drawings, as well as to the Museum’s collection of mid-20th-century Czech glass. Libenský began his artistic training at the age of 16. He attended specialized glassmaking schools in both Nový Bor and Železný Brod, Czechoslovakia, before moving on to study at the Academy of Decorative Arts in Prague. At the end of World War II in 1945, he moved to the town of Nový Bor with other young artists who went to northern Czechoslovakia to revive the glass industry. He worked as a designer in the factory, and as a painting instructor at the local glassmaking school. In 1954, he was named director of another glass school in Železný Brod, and he left Nový Bor. It was in Železný Brod that he met Brychtová, and they made their first collaborative work in cast glass there in 1955. This goblet was blown by Antonín Vogel at the Borské Sklo glassworks in Nový Bor, and the enamel decoration was painted by Veřa Gottvaldová, one of Libensky’s most talented painting students at the Specialized School for Glassmaking in Nový Bor. Unsigned. For more information on Libensky’s designs in blown and enameled glass, see Helmut Ricke, ed., Czech Glass, 1945–1980: Design in an Age of Adversity, Stuttgart: Arnoldsche Art Publishers, 2005; and Susanne K. Frantz, ed., Stanislav Libenský, Jaroslava Brychtová: A 40-Year Collaboration in Glass, Munich and New York: Prestel, 1994.