Les Pins (Pines)

What is AAT?

The Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) (r) is a structured vocabulary for generic concepts related to art and architecture. It was developed by The Getty Research Institute to help research institutions become consistent in the terminology they use.Learn More

Object Name: 
Marquetry Vase
Title: 
Les Pins (Pines)
Place Made: 
Accession Number: 
88.3.31
Dimensions: 
Overall H: 17.8 cm, Diam (max): 15.1 cm
Location: 
On Display
Date: 
1903
Credit Line: 
Purchased with funds from the Clara S. Peck Endowment, the Museum Endowment Fund, and a special grant
Web Description: 
The flowering of the art glass industry, in and around the French town of Nancy, owed much to the ambitions of Emile Gallé (1846-1904). Gallé was the most influential designer in the French Art Nouveau style. He was also a poet and a passionate horticulturist. With his creative vision and financial acumen, he had expanded his father’s glass and ceramics factory into a flourishing art industry by the late 1880s. The greatest influence on Gallé’s designs for glass was nature, with its infinitely rich colors and textures. He was also impressed by the writings of Romantic and Symbolist poets, who attempted to describe emotions, sensations, and other aspects of the nonvisible world. In this vase, the decoration evokes the humid, spongy layers of a dark, densely wooded pine forest floor. The term “marquetry” refers to decorative elements that are embedded into the surface of the glass. The technique was developed by Gallé, who patented it in 1898. It is derived from the marquetry technique used to decorate wood furniture, which was also a specialty of Gallé’s atelier.
Department: 
Provenance: 
Annieri, Luigi, Former Collection
Category: 
Primary Description: 
Transparent amber, opal glass, iridization; overall reddish and silver-gray appearance; blown, hot-applied and inlaid decorative elements (marquetry), iridized, acid-etched, cut, and engraved. Conical vessel ringed at lip with small stylized pinecone scales and base with life-size pine cone scales applied while hot (lip and base applications stop short of complete encirclement), some carved into free-form shapes; body encircled by large trailed tree branch with additional trailed and marquetry inlaid twigs, needles and a pair of high relief miniature pine cones (one a cluster of glass bits, the other formed by tooling an applied gob of glass while hot), sections of branch and needles then carved in relief with additional engraved details and "ghost" needles; deeply inset foot; overall irregular iridization; slightly concave ground and polished base; inscribed on two pine cone scales at base: "Gallé/1903".
Emile Gallé: Dreams Into Glass
Venue(s)
Corning Museum of Glass 1984-04-28 through 1984-10-21
Rene Lalique: Enchanted by Glass (2014) illustrated, p. 20 (fig. 14); BIB# 139598
5000 Years of Glass (British Museum, new ed) (2012) illustrated, p. 212, #269; BIB# 133950
Five Thousand Years of Glass (British Museum) (2012) illustrated, p. 213, #269; BIB# 133950
William Morris: Native Species (2006) illustrated, p. 18; BIB# 96256
New Glass Review, 27 (2006) illustrated, p. 87;
Glass: A Pocket Dictionary of Terms Commonly Used to Describe Glass and Glassmaking (2006) illustrated, covers, p. facing t.p., p. 10; BIB# 96551
Art Nouveau (1999) illustrated, p. 25, top; BIB# 65135
Hikari no majutsushi--Emīru Gare (1999) illustrated, p. 107 (#139); BIB# 63169
An Introduction to The Corning Museum of Glass (1999) pp. 9-12; ill., p. 9;
The Corning Museum of Glass and the Finger Lakes Region (1993) illustrated, p. 27, #41; BIB# 35681
All About Glass = Garasu Daihyakka (1993) p. 125; BIB# 36566
L'Histoire du Verre: A Travers Les Tresors du Musee de Corning (1990) illustrated, p. 54; p. 56;
A Short History of Glass (1990 edition) (1990) illustrated, p. 95, #83; BIB# 33211
Masterpieces of Glass: A World History From The Corning Museum of Glass (1990) illustrated, pp. 204-205, pl. 94; BIB# 33819
Recent Important Acquisitions, 31 (1989) illustrated, cover, frontispiece; BIB# AI23357
Art Nouveau (1989) illustrated, p. 143 top; BIB# 24593
The Corning Museum of Glass Annual Report 1988 (1989) illustrated, cover, p. 7;
Emile Galle : Dreams Into Glass (1984) pp. 104-110, pl. 21 a,b,c,d; BIB# 22737