Cristallerie Daum (Nancy, France), Steuben Glass (Corning, New York), and Venini (Murano, Italy) invited outside artists and designers, including studio glass artists, to design for their companies. In general, studio glass practice and the luxury glass industry had opposite goals. Studio glass artists were interested in complete freedom with the material, and they avoided making objects to a design brief or to a price point. More open-minded companies appreciated the different perspectives that outside artists and designers could bring to their product lines. Dan Dailey designed several vessels and sculptures for Daum in blown and cast glass.