René Lalique (French, 1860-1945) began his career as a jeweler. In 1890, he opened a studio in Paris, where he made his famous jewelry designed for celebrities and other socially elite personalities. He began to experiment with glass, and started to commercially produce glass perfume bottles in 1909. Purchasing a larger factory in 1918, Lalique manufactured a wide range of art glass using modern industrial techniques, such as pressing. The Victoire (Victory) hood ornament is a classic Art Deco design that evokes the speed and daring of driving.