Stained glass was an essential component of American sacred and secular architecture at the start of the 20th century. The industry was fueled both by the economic boom of the 1870s and by the building of many churches at that time. Louis Comfort Tiffany was internationally known for his stained glass windows, and his Tiffany Studios produced hundreds of them. Although the majority of these windows depict religious themes, the landscape windows best illustrate Tiffany’s range as a designer. He was commissioned by Melchior S. Beltzhoover to design this large window for the music room of Rochroane, a Gothic Revival mansion built in Irvington-on-Hudson, New York. The window depicts the Hudson River landscape as seen from Rochroane’s hilltop location. The river vista is framed by hollyhocks, clematis, and trumpet vines. By 1970, when Rochroane was donated to the Roman Catholic Church, most of the decorations and furnishings, including this window, had been removed and sold.