Conservation Research and Publications

Conservation Research and Publications

The Conservation Department is involved in researching the technology and nature of glass and glass deterioration as well as developing new conservation treatments for glass. The most important contributions include the study of crizzling or atmospheric deterioration of glass, improved recommendations for the cleaning and storage of glass, and the introduction of Paraloid B-72® as an adhesive for glass. Current research in the field of casting and molding for loss compensation problems on glass highlight the continuing active conservation program.

The Conservation Department is also well-known for its outreach and education, including regular international courses offered through International Academic Projects (17), and the acceptance of numerous interns from many of the world’s conservation training programs. Stephen Koob has also provided on-site archaeological training at the Samothrace Museum, Greece, to numerous students from NYU’s Institute of Fine Arts Conservation Center, (1999-2007).

Publications by Stephen P. Koob

"New Developments for Casting ParaloidTM B-72 for Filling Losses in Glass" with N. Astrid R. van Giffen and Robin O'Hern, in Recent Advances in Glass, Stained-Glass, and Ceramics Conservation 2013: ICOM-CC Glass and Ceramics Working Group Interim Meeting and Forum of the International Scientific Committee for the Conservation of Stained Glass (Corpus Vitrearum-ICOMOS), edited by Hannelore Roemich and Kate van Lookeren Campagne. Zwolle: SPA uitgevers, 2013. pp. 53-59. view record

"The conservation of two Baccarat crystal torchères at the Shangri La Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art, Honolulu, Hawaii" with Linda Gué, in The Decorative: Conservation and the Applied Arts, 2012 Vienna Congress, edited by S. Cather, A. Nevin, J. H. Townsend, M. Spring, J.K. Atkinson, and D. Eastop, London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 2012, pp.S173-180.

“Crizzling glasses: problems and solutions”, Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass science and Technology A, October 2012, 53 (5), 225-227. view record

“An Old Material, a New Technique: Casting Paraloid B-72 for Filling Losses in Glass”, with N. Astrid R. van Giffen, Sarah Benrubi, and Nathalie Hanna, in Symposium Proceedings (CD), Symposium 2011, Adhesives and Consolidants for Conservation: Research and Application, Canadian Conservation Institute: 2011. Online Publication

“An experimental treatment for severely crizzled glasses”, editorial coordinator H. Roemich, in Glass & Ceramics Conservation 2010, Papers presented at the Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Glass & Ceramics Working Group, October 3-6, 2010, Corning, New York, pp. 128-132. view record

“An assessment of polymers used in conservation treatments at the corning museum of Glass”, with Tennent, N., editorial coordinator H. Roemich, in Glass & Ceramics Conservation 2010, Papers presented at the Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Glass & Ceramics Working Group, October 3-6, 2010, Corning, New York, pp. 100-109. view record

“The Conservation Program in the Sanctuary of the Great Gods on Samothrace”, in Samothracian Connections: Essays in Honor of Jim McCredie, Oxbow Books, London: Oxford, 2010, pp. 197-208.

“Paraloid B-72®: 25 years of use as a consolidant and adhesive for ceramics and glass”, in Holding it All Together, edited by J. Ambers, C. Higgitt, L. Harrison, and D. Saunders, London: Archetype Publications Ltd, 2009, pp. 113-119. view record

“ ‘Botanical Wonders’: the conservation and exhibition of the Harvard glass flowers”, (with Scott E. Fulton and Susan M. Rossi-Wilcox),in Conservation and Access, Contributions to the London Congress, edited by D. Saunders, J. H. Townsend and S. Woodcock, London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 2008, pp. 44-49.

Conservation and Care of Glass Objects, Archetype Publications, in Association with The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, New York, 2006. View Record

“Cleaning glass: a many faceted issue”, in Objects Specialty Group Postprints, Volume Eleven, Proceedings of the Objects Specialty Group Session, June 13, 2004, AIC, 2008, pp. 60-70. view record

“A French Feast: The Corning Theatre in Context”, with Jutta Annete Page, Annales de l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre, v. 16, London: the association, 2005, pp. 371-374, Colour Plates 116-118. View Record

“Tips and tricks with epoxy and other casting & molding materials”, Object Specialty Group Postprints, Volume Ten, AIC: Washington, D.C., 2004, pp. 158-172. View Record

“Four beakers or two beakers? Only your conservator knows for sure...”, published in Object Specialty Group Postprints, Volume Nine, AIC: Washington, D.C., 2003, pp. 114-130. view record

“The conservation and restoration of glass at Samothrace”, paper presented and published in Hyalos,Vitrum,Glass, 1st International Conference, Rhodes, Greece, edited by G. Kordas, Athens, 2002, 283-288. View Record

“New techniques for the repair and restoration of ancient glass”, in Tradition and Innovation, Contributions to the IIC 18th International Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 2000, 92-95. View Record

“Restoring high-fired ceramics and glass with Paraloid B-72", Paper presented to the UKIC Ceramics and Glass Conference on Adhesives and Consolidants, October 25, 1997.  Published as a UKIC monograph, 1999. View Record

“The analysis and treatment of Chinese Qing Dynasty crizzling glass vessels in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery”, paper presented at the XVIII International Congress on Glass, San Francisco, July 1998. Published in Proceedings of XVIII International Congress on Glass, The American Chemical Society, B:2 Art & Archaeometry, Crizzling and Related Problems in Glass II, pp. 1-6.

“The Kenchreai opus sectile glass panels revisited: a comparison and assessment of previous treatments”, with R. H. Brill and D. Thimme, Archaeological Conservation and its Consequences, Preprints of the IIC 16th International Congress, Copenhagen, edited by A. Roy and P. Smith, IIC, 1996, 105-110. View Record

“Using Acryloid B-72 for the repair of archaeological ceramics”, Conservation Notes, No. 21, May 1996, Materials Conservation Laboratory, Texas Memorial Museum.

“The conservation of archaeological glass, with special reference to Chinese glasses”, Proceedings of XVII International Congress On Glass, Vol. 6, Beijing, China, 1995, pp. 475-480.

Related Publications

“The Conservation and Restoration of Greek Vases: Loss Compensation for Publication and Museum Display,” in Konservieren oder Restaurieren: Die Restaurierung griechischer Vasen von der Antike bis heute, ed. Martin Bentz and Ursula Kästner, Beihefte zu Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, v. 3, 2007, pp. 113–116.

The desalination of ceramics using a semi-automated continuous washing station, with Won Yee Ng, Studies in Conservation, 45 (2000), pp. 265-273.

“Restoration skill or deceit: manufactured replacement fragments on a Seljuk lustre glazed ewer”, The Conservation of Glass and Ceramics: Research, Practice and Training, James & James Scientific Publishers Ltd., 1999, pp. 156-166.

“Conservation and restoration under field conditions: ceramics treatment at Sardis, Turkey”, paper presented with Tony Sigel, AIC 25th Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, June 1997, published in Objects Specialty Group Postprints, Volume Five, 1998, AIC, 98-115.

“Obsolete fill materials found on ceramics”, Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, Spring 1998, Volume 37, Number 1, 49-67.

“Panathenaic prize amphora with chariot race, ca. 490 B.C.”, with Susan B. Matheson, Essay in Altered States, Conservation, Analysis and the Interpretation of Works of Art, edited by W. Watson, Mount Holyoke College, MA, 1994, p. 126.

“The use of Acryloid B‑72 in the treatment of archaeological ceramics: minimal intervention”, paper presented at the Spring 1990 Materials Research Society Meetings, published in Art and Archaeology II Colloquium, San Francisco, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Volume 185, 1991, pp. 591-596.

“The Conservation and Restoration of Red‑figure Stamnos No. 48‑30‑3”, Expedition, Vol. 30, No. 2, 1988, pp. 29‑30.

“Detachable plaster restorations for archaeological ceramics”, Paper presented to the Jubilee Conservation Conference, Recent Advances in the Conservation and Analysis of Artifacts, 1987, Summer Schools Press, pp. 63‑65. view record

“The use of Paraloid B‑72 as an adhesive: Its application for archaeological ceramics and other materials”, Studies in Conservation, 31 (1986), pp. 7‑14. View Record

“The continued use of shellac as an adhesive‑ Why?”, Paper presented to the 1984 IIC Congress, Paris, Adhesives and Consolidants Preprints, p.103.

“The instability of cellulose nitrate adhesives”, The Conservator, Volume 6, (1982), pp. 31‑34.

“Consolidation with acrylic colloidal dispersions”, Paper presented to the Ninth Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Conservation, AIC Preprints, 1981, pp. 86‑89.

“The removal of aged shellac adhesive from ceramics”, Studies in Conservation, 24 (1979), pp. 134‑135.

Publications by Astrid van Giffen

"New Developments for Casting ParaloidTM B-72 for Filling Losses in Glass" with Stephen P. Koob and Robin O'Hern, in Recent Advances in Glass, Stained-Glass, and Ceramics Conservation 2013: ICOM-CC Glass and Ceramics Working Group Interim Meeting and Forum of the International Scientific Committee for the Conservation of Stained Glass (Corpus Vitrearum-ICOMOS), edited by Hannelore Roemich and Kate van Lookeren Campagne. Zwolle: SPA uitgevers, 2013. pp. 53-59. view record

“Chinese Pictorial Screens: An Investigation of the Art-Historical Context and Technical and Chemical Composition of 19th-Century Glass Cane Panels” with Florian Knothe, presented at the 19th Congress of the Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre, Piran, Slovenia, September 17-21, 2012. Publication forthcoming.

“Chinese Pictorial Screens: An Investigation of a 19th-Century Glass Cane Panel” (poster summary) with Florian Knothe, in The Decorative: Conservation and the Applied Arts, 2012 Vienna Congress, edited by S. Cather, A. Nevin, J. H. Townsend, M. Spring, J.K. Atkinson, and D. Eastop, London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 2012, pp.S389-390.

“Glass-induced metal corrosion on museum exhibits (GIMME project)” (poster summary) with Andrea Fischer and Gerhard Eggert, in The Decorative: Conservation and the Applied Arts, 2012 Vienna Congress, edited by S. Cather, A. Nevin, J. H. Townsend, M. Spring, J.K. Atkinson, and D. Eastop, London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 2012, pp.S355-356.

“The Harvard Glass Flowers revisited: a technical examination of the composition and deterioration process” with K. Eremin and R. Newman, Annales de l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre, v. 18, Thessaloniki, 2009 (2012) pp. 475-480. view record

“An Old Material, a New Technique: Casting Paraloid B-72 for Filling Losses in Glass”, with Stephen Koob, Sarah Benrubi, and Nathalie Hanna, in Symposium Proceedings (CD), Symposium 2011, Adhesives and Consolidants for Conservation: Research and Application, Canadian Conservation Institute: 2011. Online Publication

“Deterioration and Preservation of Blaschka Glass” with K. Eremin, S. Kirk, J. Tate, and R. Newman, editorial coordinator H. Roemich, in Glass and Ceramics Conservation 2010, Papers presented at the Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Working Group, October 3–6, 2010, Corning, New York, pp. 53-62. View Record

“Cyclododecane as a Temporary Consolidant for Weathered Glass during Conservation Treatments” Final Research Project for Conservation Training program of the Netherlands Institute for Cultural Heritage (ICN). July 2007.