An 18th-century English drinking vessel most often used for toasting Prince Charles Edward Stuart (“Bonnie Prince Charlie”). The Jacobites were supporters of the exiled King James II , who abdicated in 1698, and of his descendants James Edward Stuart (the “Old Pretender”) and his son Charles Edward Stuart (the “Young Pretender”). Before the defeat of the Young Pretender in 1746, Jacobite glasses were usually engraved with the English rose, representing the Crown, and an optimistic motto such as “Redeat” (Latin, “May he return”). After 1746, glasses at first bore cryptic symbols and messages, but later, secrecy was abandoned. In recent years, many Jacobite glasses have been shown to be fakes.