Ancient glass : an interdisciplinary exploration / Julian Henderson.

Ancient glass : an interdisciplinary exploration / Julian Henderson.
Henderson, Julian, 1953-
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2013.
xx, 433 p. : ill., maps ; 27 cm.
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Includes bibliographical references (p. 381-423) and index.
"This book provides an integrated interdisciplinary approach to the study of a complex and fascinating ancient material. A variety of aspects of ancient glass is discussed including principally archaeology, history, chemical analysis, materials science, geology and botany. The aims of the book are to explore these aspects by using a combination of focused studies and case studies in a variety of ancient and historical periods. Each case study, in Bronze Age Mesopotamia, Late Hellenistic-early Roman Middle East and the Islamic world, has been selected so as to incorporate contrasting social, political, economic and ritual contexts in which glass was manufactured, traded and used. These contrasting characteristics of societies therefore influenced the ways in which glass fitted into society: the ways in which it was manufactured and used. The relationships between production, trade and use of ancient materials including glass are complex. The scale of production involving a range of facilities and critical combinations of raw materials from a variety of sources were characteristic of the specific society and their ideologies. Each step in the chaîne opératoire involved decisions, each with a social impact and significance leading to the manufacture of glass artefacts characteristic of that society. The control over each aspect of production was a reflection of the degree of social hierarchy, (perhaps involving social elites) and complexity at the time"-- Provided by publisher.
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1. Glass as a material: a technological background in faience, pottery and metal? --
2. Ways to flux silica: ashes and minerals --
3. Silica, lime and glass colourants --
4. Glass chemical compositions --
5. Early glass in the Middle East and Europe: innovation, archaeology and the contexts for production and use --
6. Early glass in the Middle East and Europe: scientific analysis --
7. Hellenistic to early Roman glass: a change from small- to large-scale production? --
8. Late Hellenistic and early Roman glass: scientific studies --
9. Islamic glass: technological continuity and innovation --
10. Islamic glass: scientific research --
11. The provenance of ancient glass --
12. Conclusions.
9781107006737 (hardback)
1107006732 (hardback)