Glass house money and related materials
This collection holds 121 Glasshouse money scripts, 1800 to 1932, for various glassworks and 10 undated scripts for Notgeld money. There are 4 German credit vouchers for glassworkers. There are 14 certificates of shares of capital stock for different glassworks, including Corning Glass Works and a certificate of mortgage debenture stock. There are a number of checks including: 5 glassworks and bank checks, and 2 payroll checks. There is a folder of information on The United States Glass Company. This is comprised of checks, receipts, letters and information for stockholders. In addition to this, there is a photocopy of the Durand Art Glass trade catalog, a publication and 2 magazines. There are 5 letters to glassworks and 6 photos, photocopies and a negative of the glass industry of Durand Glass Works and Kimble Glass Works, Vineland NJ. There is a folder of information with 3 letters from the Baron Stiegel Coin Club, 6 Stiegel medals and 3 pamphlets. There are also 15 tokens, including advertising tokens and a Notgeld token.
In the 19th century, paper currency was issued by businesses such as glassmaking facilities, as a means of paying their workers or their debts. The federal government began to issue paper currency in 1861. Before this time, most of these bills were issued by state-chartered banks. So this kind of money took the form of bank bills written out against the money of the glasshouse and issued by the glasshouse. For example, the bill issued by the New England Glass Company could be exchanged for money at the issuing bank. The New England Glass Company was one of the largest and most affluent glasshouses in the United States. The bill is dated 1862 and it may have been the Civil War which triggered the company to issue these. Other examples are bills issued by the Williamsport Glassworks. The Williamsport facility opened in 1816, and was in business for 15 or 20 years. The bills were issued during its first year of operation, and they can be found in 121/2-cent, 25-cent and 50-cent denominations. They would have been used either to exchange for money or to purchase glass at the company store.