All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper  with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Librarian at our Rakow Research Library.

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Mandrel
Glass Dictionary Term

In glassworking, (1) a lathe shaft with a hollow end, designed to receive spindles; (2) a metal rod around which beads and other small objects can be formed. mandrels mandral mandrals mandrel-wound mandrel-work

Marquetry
Glass Dictionary Term

A decorating technique whereby pieces of hot glass are applied to still molten glass and marvered into the surface, creating an inlaid effect. After the glass is cooled, it is possible to further emphasize these areas by carving and engraving. marketry Inlay Marquetry Vase with Flowers

Martelé
Glass Dictionary Term

(French, “hammered”) The word used to describe the multifaceted, wheel-engraved surface favored by Emile Gallé (1846-1904), Daum, and others, to create a textured background that resembles beaten metal. martel marteled martelee Battuto La Libellule (The Dragonfly)

Marver
Glass Dictionary Term

(from French marbre, “marble”) (Noun) A smooth, flat surface on which softened glass is rolled, when attached to a blowpipe or pontil, in order to smooth it or to consolidate applied decoration. (Verb) To roll softened glass on a marver. marvering marvered

Matsu-no-ke
Glass Dictionary Term

A design developed by Frederick Carder (1863-1963) and registered by Stevens & Williams of England in 1884. Its distinctive feature is the presence of applied and tooled sprays of blossoms influenced by Japanese designs. Carder also used the design at Steuben Glass Works in Corning, New York,

Matte finish
Glass Dictionary Term

A non-shiny finish made by grinding, sandblasting, or exposing the surface to fumes of hydrofluoric acid. matte-finished matte finished matte-finish Frosting Blue Bowl

Melt
Glass Dictionary Term

The fluid glass produced by melting batch. melted glass melt glass

Mercury bottle
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of ancient Roman mold-blown bottle with a tall body of square or polygonal cross section, the underside of which bears a representation in relief of the god Mercury. Mercury, the messenger of the gods, was associated with commerce. mercury bottles mercury bottle Mercury Bottle

Merese
Glass Dictionary Term

A flattened, collarlike knop placed between the bowl and the stem, on the stem, or between the stem and the foot of a goblet or similar form. mereses marese merase mareses merases Goblet

Metallic oxide
Glass Dictionary Term

The oxide of a metal. Oxides can be used to color glass and enamel, or to produce lustered or iridized surfaces. The resultant color depends primarily on the oxide used, but it can be affected by the composition of the glass itself and the presence or absence of oxygen in the furnace. metal oxide

Mezza-forma
Glass Dictionary Term

(Italian, “half-mold”) A term applied to the process of making vertical ribs on the lower part of a blown glass object by gathering additional glass on the parison and inflating it further in a dip mold. This technique is also known as me​zza stampatura or, in Muranese dialect, meza stampaura.

Monteith
Glass Dictionary Term

A large bowl to contain ice water for cooling wineglasses. The bowl has a scalloped rim. Wineglasses were suspended in the scallops by their feet so that their bowls could be cooled in the water. Monteiths, usually of silver but sometimes of glass, were popular in the late 17th and 18th centuries.

Milled threading
Glass Dictionary Term

Decoration consisting of a trail (thread) that has been closely notched either by the use of a runner such as a roulette or by repeated indentation with the edge of the jacks. milled thread milled-thread Ring Beaker (Ringelbecher)

Mirror monogram
Glass Dictionary Term

A monogram written in such a way that each letter is reversed to produce its mirror image, the letter and its image being combined to give a symmetrical ornamental form. mirror-monogram mirror-monogramed mirror-monogrammed mirror monogrammed mirror monogramed mirror monograms Goblet with Royal Arms

Molar flask
Glass Dictionary Term

A small flask standing on four very short feet resembling the roots of a tooth. The molar flask is a characteristic type of ninth- to 14th-century Islamic perfume bottle. Many examples have simple wheel-cut decoration. molar-flask molar flasks moler flask moler flasks Molar Flask

Mold blowing
Glass Dictionary Term

Inflating a parison of hot glass in a mold. The glass is forced against the inner surfaces of the mold and assumes its shape, together with any decoration that it bears. mold-blowing mold blown mold-blown

Mold pressing
Glass Dictionary Term

Forcing hot glass into an open or multipart mold by means of a plunger. mold-pressing mold pressed mold-pressed

Mosaic
Glass Dictionary Term

A surface decorated with many small, adjoining pieces of varicolored materials, such as stone or glass. mosaics Mosaic Glass Tabletop

Mosque lamp
Glass Dictionary Term

An Islamic lamp shaped like an inverted bell, with three or more handles from which it was suspended by chains. Many mosque lamps have gilded and enameled decoration, which often includes inscriptions naming the donor and quoting verses from the Koran. mosque lamps Vase in the form of a Mosque Lamp

Muff
Glass Dictionary Term

A glass cylinder intended to be cut into sheets. muffs Cylinder glass

Muffle
Glass Dictionary Term

A fire-clay box in which glass (or porcelain) objects are enclosed, when placed in the muffle kiln, to protect them from the flames and smoke while they are subjected to low-temperature firing, especially in the process of firing enamels and gilding at temperatures of about 950°-1300°F (500°-700°C)

Muffle kiln
Glass Dictionary Term

A low-temperature kiln for refiring glass to fuse enamel, fix gilding, and produce luster. muffle kilns Kiln

Murrhine
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Latin murra, apparently the name of a mineral from which costly vessels [vasa murrina] were made) The English adjective “murrhine” and the Italian adjective “murrino” are sometimes applied to ancient Roman mosaic glass. It is probable, however, that vasa murrina were made from a semiprecious

Nappy
Glass Dictionary Term

In the United States, a small serving dish. nappies nappys Cut Nappy

Nécessaire
Glass Dictionary Term

(French, “necessity”) A traveling case containing a drinking glass and a knife, fork, and spoon. necessarie necessaries Nécessaires Necessaires

Nef
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Old French nef, “ship”) A table ornament in the form of a ship, with the hull formed by blowing and the rigging consisting of trails. Sometimes, there is a spout in the hull. nefs Nef in the form of a Boat

Neoclassical
Glass Dictionary Term

A style of art, architecture, literature, music, etc., that is based on, or influenced by, classical styles, especially the styles of ancient Greece and Rome. neo-classical neoclasical Venus and Cupid

Nipt-diamond-waies
Glass Dictionary Term

The technique of manipulating adjacent vertical ribs with pincers to form a diamond pattern. “Nipt-diamond-waies” was the term used by the English glassmaker George Ravenscroft (1632-1683) in a 1677 advertisement for his new lead glass. nipt diamond waies nipt diamond waie nipt-diamond-waie Rummer

Nuppenbecher
Glass Dictionary Term

(German, “drop beaker”) A beaker decorated with large, droplike prunts, which may be drawn out into pointed projections. nuppenbechers nupenbecher nupenbechers Nuppenbecher or Krautstrunk (prunted beaker)

Obsidian
Glass Dictionary Term

A volcanic mineral that was the first form of natural glass used by humans. It is usually black, but it can also be very dark red or green; its splinters are often transparent or translucent. obsidians

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