All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper  with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Librarian at our Rakow Research Library.

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Bow lathe
Glass Dictionary Term

A primitive lathe powered by the use of a bow. The bowstring is looped around the spindle of the lathe and causes it to rotate as the bow is drawn backward and forward. bow lathes

Bowl
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) A rounded, hollow vessel; (2) the uppermost part of a goblet, tazza, or wineglass. bowls 2 Enameled Goblets

Blank
Glass Dictionary Term

Any cooled glass object that requires further forming or decoration to be finished. blanks Blank for Replica of the Portland Vase

Black bottle
Glass Dictionary Term

A popular term for bottles of iron-rich dark green or dark brown glass, the color of which protected the contents. “Black” glass was first made in England in the mid-17th century. black bottles Bottle

Bitters bottle
Glass Dictionary Term

A bottle for bitters, alcoholic beverages flavored with bitter herbs. Bitters, sold as medicine rather than as liquor (and for this reason, taxed more leniently), were immensely popular in America in the second half of the 19th century. bitters bottles Bitters bottle

Bird fountain
Glass Dictionary Term

A flameworked centerpiece or mantel ornament consisting of a tall fountain with two birds perched on the rim, and two or more shorter pedestals, each with a bird on the top. The birds have tails made of glass fibers. Bird fountains were made in England in the mid-19th century. bird fountains

Berry set
Glass Dictionary Term

A large bowl with matching smaller bowls, used for serving fruit and other desserts. berry sets 6-piece Toy Berry Set

Bear jar
Glass Dictionary Term

A 19th-century American pressed glass jar in the form of a bear, probably for bear grease. bear jars Large Bear Grease Jar Pomade Jar with Lid

Bar
Glass Dictionary Term

A single piece of glass formed by fusing several canes or rods. A bar can be cut into numerous slices, all with the same design, to be used as inlays or appliqués, or in making mosaic glass. bars Fragment of Bar or Strip in Feather or Scale Pattern

Balustroid
Glass Dictionary Term

A variety of baluster glass with an elongated stem, current in England between about 1725 and 1760. balustroids Wineglass

Baluster
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of English drinking glass of the late 17th and 18th centuries, with the stem in the form of a baluster. (In architecture, a baluster is a short vertical support with a circular section and a vaselike outline.) balusters Goblet with Royal Arms and Monogram of Queen Anne

Argand lamp
Glass Dictionary Term

An oil-burning lamp with a glass chimney, named for the Swiss physicist and inventor Aimé Argand (1750-1803), who invented the tubular wick burner in 1782. Argand lamps are efficient because the tubular wick feeds oxygen to the flame and the chimney increases the draft. argand lamps 2 Argand Lamps

Appliqué
Glass Dictionary Term

In glassworking, a bit of hot glass, usually small and disk-shaped, attached to the surface of an object for decorative purposes. Appliqués can be decorated by pressing them in a mold before they are attached, or they can be stamped after they are attached. appliques Applique

Applied decoration
Glass Dictionary Term

Heated glass elements (such as canes and trails) applied during manufacture to a glass object that is still hot, and either left in relief or marvered until they are flush with the surface. See also Marquetry and Pick-up decoration. applied decorations Marquetry Pick-up decoration Vase with Applied

Annealing
Glass Dictionary Term

The process of slowly cooling a completed object in an auxiliary part of the glass furnace, or in a separate furnace. This is an integral part of glassmaking because if a hot glass object is allowed to cool too quickly, it will be highly strained by the time it reaches room temperature; indeed, it

Amphora
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Latin) A jar with two handles. amphoras Flagon with Two Handles (Amphora)

Grecian Urn (575)
Audio

Grecian Urn play pause stop mute unmute max volume repeat repeat off Cro Magnon Man--> Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. 575 Karla Trinkley (American, b. 1956) United States, Boyertown, Pennsylvania 1992

Meteor, Flower, Bird (515)
Audio

Meteor, Flower, Bird play pause stop mute unmute max volume repeat repeat off Cro Magnon Man--> Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. 515 Stanislav Libenský (Czech, 1921–2002) and Jaroslava Brychtová (Czech,

Fern Green Tower (511)
Audio

Fern Green Tower play pause stop mute unmute max volume repeat repeat off Cro Magnon Man--> Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. 511 Dale Chihuly (American, b. 1941) United States, Seattle, Washington 2000

Forest Glass (507)
Audio

Forest Glass play pause stop mute unmute max volume repeat repeat off Cro Magnon Man--> Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. 507 Katherine Gray (Canadian, b. 1965) United States, Los Angeles, California

Still Life with Two Plums (503)
Audio

Still Life with Two Plums play pause stop mute unmute max volume repeat repeat off Cro Magnon Man--> Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. 503 Flora C. Mace (American, b. 1949) and Joey Kirkpatrick (American

Dale Chihuly: A Selective Biography
Article

Dale Chihuly, who was born in Tacoma, Washington in 1941, has become an internationally celebrated personality in contemporary art and design whose prominence in the field of contemporary studio glass is unmatched. He is a generous and charismatic individual with a forceful personality, who

GlassLab Design Session: Q Cassetti
Video

Designer Q Cassetti describes working with GlassLab during a design session on Governors Island in NYC, July 1, 2012. The Corning Museum of Glass partnered w...

Rich cut glass.
Library

C.G. Alford & Co., Honesdale, PA, USA. 128345 Honesdale, Pa.: C. G. Alford & Co., Inc., 1903 (Chicago: Binner-Wells Co.) 36 p.: ill.; 24 x 31 cm. Alford, C.G., & Co. CMGL c.2 received as part of ACGA Archives. CMGL has a spiral bound photocopy of this catalog received as part of ACGA

Memoir on the origin, progress, and improvement of glass manufactures, including an account of the patent crystallo ceramie, or, glass incrustations.
Library

Pellatt, Apsley, 1791-1863. 29558 London: B. Holdsworth, 1821. 36, 6 p., 8 plates; 25 cm. NK5440.S8 c. 1, flooded, unbound, plates hand colored. c. 2, lacks 6 p. of explanation of plates. Plates are smaller (21 cm.) and laid in, never bound in. c. 2 bears bookplate of G. Bontemps; "Presented..

Diamond air trap
Glass Dictionary Term

Decoration consisting of bubbles of air trapped in the glass in a diamond-shaped pattern. This is achieved by blowing a gather of glass into a mold with projections of the desired design, withdrawing it, and covering it with a second gather, which traps pockets of air in the indentations. This

Acid polishing
Glass Dictionary Term

The process of making a glossy, polished surface by dipping the object, usually of cut glass, into a mixture of hydrofluoric and sulfuric acids. This technique was developed in the late 19th century. acid polish acid polishing acid polishes

Flameworking
Glass Dictionary Term

The technique of forming objects from rods and tubes of glass that, when heated in a flame, become soft and can be manipulated into the desired shape. Formerly, the source of the flame was an oil or paraffin lamp used in conjunction with foot-powered bellows; today, gas-fueled torches are used.

Foot-ring
Glass Dictionary Term

A separate ring of glass added to the base after the body of the vessel has been formed. Foot-rings Foot rings Foot ring base-rings base ring Base-ring Beaker

Chair
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) The bench used by the gaffer while forming a glass object. Traditionally, this is a wide bench with arms, on which the gaffer rests the blowpipe with its parison of molten glass and rolls it backward and forward so that the parison retains its symmetrical shape during the forming process. (2)

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