All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper  with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Librarian at our Rakow Research Library.

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Custard glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A vessel for an individual serving of custard, a sweetened mixture of milk and eggs, which can be baked, boiled, or frozen. Custard glasses

Cup plate
Glass Dictionary Term

A small plate on which users set their tea or coffee cup while drinking from the saucer. Between about 1825 and about 1865, it was fashionable to drink from saucers, and cups were placed on cup plates to avoid staining the tablecloth. Cup plates Cup Plate

Cruet
Glass Dictionary Term

A small, ewerlike vessel, usually with a lip or spout, a handle, and a stopper, for serving condiments at the table. cruets Cruet with Stopper in 112 Pattern

Crown weight
Glass Dictionary Term

A hollow paperweight that incorporates thin white or colored filigree canes arranged vertically on the sides and drawn together at the top. crown weights

Creamer
Glass Dictionary Term

A small pitcher for serving cream. creamers Creamer

Cowhorn
Glass Dictionary Term

The large end of a mosaic glass cane that is shaped like the tapering horn of a cow. Cowhorns

Core forming
Glass Dictionary Term

The technique of forming a vessel by winding or gathering molten glass around a core supported by a rod. After forming, the object is removed from the rod and annealed. After annealing, the core is removed by scraping. Coreforming Core formed Core-formed Core form Coreform Core forms Core Formed

Copper-wheel engraving
Glass Dictionary Term

A technique of decorating the surface of an object. Copper disks (wheels) of various sizes and rim profiles are rotated on a spindle. An abrasive such as Carborundum (in the past, emery was frequently used), mixed with oil, is applied to the edge of the wheel. The wheel presses the abrasive against

Condiment set
Glass Dictionary Term

A group of matching vessels, usually with a tray or rack, that includes containers for salt, pepper, and mustard, and perhaps also cruets for oil and vinegar. Condiment sets Castor

Concentric paperweight
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of paperweight in which the slices of canes are arranged in concentric circles. Concentric paperweights Paperweight with Concentric Millefiori Mushroom

Compote
Glass Dictionary Term

A dish, usually with a stem and a base, and sometimes with a cover, for serving compote (fruits cooked in syrup), or a smaller dish of similar form used for individual servings. compotes Compote

Commedia dell’arte figures
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Italian) Figures representing the 16 characters in Italian commedia dell’arte, a theatrical genre that was especially popular in the 17th and 18th centuries. Flameworkers made models of these figures, often copying illustrations in Lelio Riccoboni’s Histoire du théâtre italien (1728-1731).

Combed decoration
Glass Dictionary Term

A wavy, festooned, feathery, or zigzag pattern of decoration in two or more colors, produced by applying threads of opaque glass of a color different from that of the molten glass body. The threads are rolled into the glass body by marvering, after which they are combed or dragged to achieve the

Collar
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) A band of applied glass around the rim of a vessel. On bottles, the collar is used to secure the cork. (2) A threaded metal ring around the font of a lamp, used to attach a screw-in burner. collars Flask

Cold working
Glass Dictionary Term

The collective term for the many techniques (such as copper-wheel engraving and cutting) used to alter or decorate glass when it is cold. coldworking cold worked cold-worked cold works coldworks

Cold painting
Glass Dictionary Term

The technique of decorating an object by applying paint such as artists use on other materials. This is in contrast to enameling, in which powdered glasses of various colors are fused to the surface by heating. coldpainting cold paint coldpaint coldpainted cold painted cold-painted Enamel Portrait

Coin weight
Glass Dictionary Term

The term popularly applied to Islamic coin-shaped weights or tokens, most of which were made in Egypt between the eighth and 12th centuries. Coinweights Coinweight Coin weights

Clapper
Glass Dictionary Term

A tool consisting of two rectangular pieces of wood joined at one end by a leather hinge. There is an aperture in one of the pieces of wood, and this holds the stem of a goblet or wineglass while it is being made. The clapper is used to squeeze a blob of glass in order to form the foot. clappers

Clamp
Glass Dictionary Term

A tool sometimes used instead of a pontil to hold the closed end (usually the bottom) of a partly formed glass vessel while the open end (usually the mouth) is being shaped. clamps Gadget

Cinerary urn
Glass Dictionary Term

A vessel for cremated human remains. In the Roman period, cremation was a widely used method of disposing of the dead, whose ashes were sometimes placed in glass cinerary urns. Cinerary urns Cinerary Urn

Chimney
Glass Dictionary Term

A glass tube, open at both ends, used to shield the flame of an oil lamp, to trap soot, and to increase the draft. chimneys Kerosene Lamp

Chandelier
Glass Dictionary Term

(from French, “candlestick”) A lighting fixture suspended from the ceiling, with two or more arms bearing lights (originally, candles) or two or more pendent lights. Many chandeliers have faceted lead glass arms, candle cups, shafts, and prisms, which reflect the light and sparkle like tiny mirrors

Celery vase
Glass Dictionary Term

A tall, narrow vase used at the table for holding celery. celery vases Celery Vase

Celery handle
Glass Dictionary Term

A handle with vertical ribbing like a celery stalk. celery handles Footed Pitcher with Celery Stalk Handle

Castor
Glass Dictionary Term

A small vessel with a perforated top from which one casts or sprinkles sugar or condiments such as pepper. A castor set is a matching group of castors, which, together with cruets, form a condiment set. castors 6 Piece Caster Set

Casting
Glass Dictionary Term

The generic name for a wide variety of techniques used to form glass in a mold. casts cast

Casing
Glass Dictionary Term

The application of a layer of glass over a layer of contrasting color. The gaffer either gathers one layer over another gather, or inflates a gob of hot glass inside a preformed blank of another color. The two components adhere and are inflated together (perhaps with frequent reheating) until they

Carving
Glass Dictionary Term

The removal of glass from the surface of an object by means of hand-held tools or sandblasting. carved carves carve

Candlestick
Glass Dictionary Term

A stand with a socket or spike for one candle. candlesticks Pressed Candlestick

Candelabrum
Glass Dictionary Term

A candle holder or lamp with several arms or branches. Candelabra Candelabrum and Base

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