All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper  with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Librarian at our Rakow Research Library.

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Cord
Glass Dictionary Term

A part of the glass that differs in composition from the surrounding matrix. This difference produces a change in the refractive index, which enables the cord to be seen as a streak and so spoils the appearance of the glass.

Cintra
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of decorative glass developed by Frederick Carder (1863-1963) at Steuben Glass Works in Corning, New York, before 1917. Most Cintra glass was made by picking up chips of colored glass on the parison and then casing them with a thin layer of (usually) colorless glass. Cintra Vase

Cane
Glass Dictionary Term

A thin, monochrome rod, or a composite rod consisting of groups of rods of different colors, which are bundled together and fused to form a polychrome design that is visible when seen in cross section. Bar Rod Mosaic glass

Came
Glass Dictionary Term

A grooved strip of lead or (rarely) another metal, generally with an H-shaped cross section, used to join separate parts of glass windows. St. Matthew

Calcedonio
Glass Dictionary Term

(Italian, “chalcedony”) Glass marbled with brown, blue, green, and yellow swirls in imitation of chalcedony and other banded semiprecious stones. Calcedonio was first made in Venice in the late 15th century. Ewer

Brilliant-cut glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Objects with elaborate, deeply cut patterns that usually cover the entire surface and are highly polished. In the United States, the vogue for brilliant-cut glass lasted from about 1880 to 1915. Vase in "Rockwood" Pattern

Burning fluid
Glass Dictionary Term

A mixture of alcohol and turpentine, used as lamp fuel in the 19th century. Burning fluid, which was dangerously explosive, was replaced by kerosene in the late 1850s.

Block
Glass Dictionary Term

A tool made from a block of wood hollowed out to form a hemispherical recess. After it has been dipped in water to reduce charring and to create a “cushion” of steam, the block is used to form the gather into a sphere before it is inflated.

Blankschnitt
Glass Dictionary Term

(German, “smooth cut”) A style of engraved decoration in which the relief effect is enhanced by polishing the ground part of the intaglio. Blankschnitt decoration is frequently found on glasses engraved in the German city of Nuremberg in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Biedermeier style
Glass Dictionary Term

A style of decorative art favored by the middle class in Germanic Europe between about 1815 and 1848. The name is derived from Gottlieb Biedermeier, the pseudonymous author of the satirical verses of Ludwig Eichrodt (1827-1892) and Adolf Kussmaul (1822-1902). During the period in which the

Battuto
Glass Dictionary Term

The word used to describe the multifaceted wheel-engraved surface that resembles beaten metal. Martelé Ebony Asymmetrical

Batch
Glass Dictionary Term

The mixture of raw materials (often silica, soda or potash, and lime) that is melted in a pot or tank to make glass. Cullet, as well as minor ingredients such as colorants, can be added to the batch to help the melting process.

Barilla
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Spanish) (1) A plant, Salsola soda, which grows extensively on seashores in the western Mediterranean and the Canary Islands; hence (2) an impure alkali made by burning plants of this and related species, formerly used in the manufacture of soap and glass.

Aventurine
Glass Dictionary Term

(from French aventure, “chance”) Translucent glass with sparkling inclusions of gold, copper, or chromic oxide, first made in Venice in the 15th century. Aventurine glass imitates the mineral of the same name, a variety of translucent quartz spangled with mica or other minerals. Cup

Aurene
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of ornamental glass with an iridescent surface made by spraying the glass with stannous chloride or lead chloride and reheating it under controlled atmospheric conditions. Aurene was developed by Frederick Carder (1863-1963) at Steuben Glass Works in Corning, New York, in 1904. Blue Aurene

White and gold: china and glass.
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Higgins & Seiter, New York, NY, USA. Compagnie des cristalleries de Baccarat. 97900 China and glass New York: Higgins & Seiter, c1905. 18 p.: ill.; 16 x 9 cm. Higgins & Seiter Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging in August 2010. Includes rock-crystal glass by Baccarat. Trade catalog. Cover

De situ orbis [manuscsript] / Guarini Veronensis in Strabonis cretensis libros ad Nicolaum Qui[n]tu[m] pontifice[m] maximu[s] praepato.
Library

Strabo. Guarino, Veronese, 1374-1460, tr. 97140 [ca. 1465] [320] leaves; 42 cm. G87 Pre-flood information from library cards: "Written in red ink, rubrics in lighter red, title in Roman capitals in blue. Initial spaces, spaces for Greek. Greek and Latin marginal glosses in red in various

Mappæ clavicula: a manuscript treatise on the preparation of pigments, and on various processes of the decorative arts practised during the Middle Ages / communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart., F.R.S., F.S.A., in a letter addressed to Albert Way, Esq., director.
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Phillipps, Thomas, Sir, 1792-1872. Way, Albert, 1805-1874. Society of Antiquaries of London. Archaeologia: or Miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity v. 32, pp. 183-244. 97193 Mappæ clavicula: a treatise on the preparation of pigments during the Middle Ages [London?: s.n], 1847 (London: Printed

[Cut glass catalog].
Library

Quaker City Cut Glass Co., Philadelphia, PA, USA. Noack & Gorenflo. 96968 Philadelphia, Pa.: Quaker City Cut Glass Co., [n.d., 1910] 20 p.: ill.; 24 x 31 cm. Quaker City Cut Glass Co. Catalog is stamped "Received Oct. 20, 1910, Noack & Gorenflo" Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging

Aristophanous Kōmōdiai ennea = Aristophanis Comoediae novem.
Library

Aristophanes. Mousouros, Markos, ca. 1470-1517, ed. 96927 Kōmōdiai ennea Aristophanis Comoediae novem Venice: Aldus Manutius, Romanus, 15 July (Id. Quint.) 1498. [348] leaves; 33 cm. (fol.) PA3875 The mention of glass cups in Acharnes (The Acharnians, lines 72-74) is regarded as the earliest

Geographiam multos scripsisse novimus Pater Beatissime Paule II. Venete Pon. maxime: temporu[m] nostrorum felicitas & gloria: cum eiusmodi sit doctrinae opus quod omnibus gratum...
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Strabo. Bussi, Giovanni Andrea, 1417-1475. ed. Guarino, Veronese, 1374-1460, tr. Thiphernio, Gregorio, tr. Wendelin, of Speier, d. 1477? printer 97139 Binder's spine title: De situ orbis [Venice: Vindelinus de Spira], 1472. [217] leaves; 41 cm. G87 Glass: Book 4, chapt. 5, line 3 (imports

Manufacturer of registered flower centres, candelabras, vases, speciment tubes, and of cut, engraved, and etched table glass of every description.
Library

Philip Pargeter (Firm). Red House Glass Works, Stourbridge, England. 99387 At head of title: Philip Pargeter, Red House Glass Works, Stourbridge, England Also known as: Book no. 5 Fifth book Stourbridge: Philip Pargeter, [n.d., 1875-1881] Ensor & Simkins Lith. 93 leaves: entirely ill.; 33 cm.

Electric and gas portable lamps: Pilabrasgo.
Library

Pittsburgh Lamp, Brass & Glass Company, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. 99381 Pilabrasgo Pittsburgh, Pa.: Pittsburgh Lamp, Brass & Glass Company, 1916. 47 p.: col. ill.; 27 cm. Pittsburgh Lamp, Brass & Glass Company Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging in August 2010. Hand-painted and art glass

Mvseo Cospiano: annesso a qvello del famoso Vlisse Aldrovandi e donato alla sua patria dall'illustrissimo Signor Ferdinando Cospi / Descrizione di Lorenzo Legati Cremonese.
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Legati, Lorenzo, d. 1675. Aldrovandi, Ulisse, 1522-1605? 97655 Museo Cospiano: annesso a quello del famoso Ulisse Aldrovandi... Bologna: Per Giacomo Monti, 1677. [20] p., 532 p.: ill., fold. pl., port.; 34 cm. QH41 "De gli strumenti ottici, d'acciajo, di cristallo, e di vetro": libro

Nouveau tarif du prix des glaces, 1791.
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Manufacture royale des glaces de France (Saint-Gobain) Associés de la manufacture des glaces. 99253 À Paris: Chez Prault, imprimeur du Roi..., 1791. [4], 84 p.; 16 cm. TP860 CMGL copy lacking Privilege du roi. Digitized by OCLC in 2008. "Le prix est de quarante sols, broché." Mostly

Brush and pencil Keystone drawing tablet.
Library

Carder, Gladys M. Carder, Frederick. 119923 [n.d., between 1903-1908?] 1 v. (unpaged): ill., 23 x 31 cm. Carder/Steuben archive Box 29, Folder Brush and pencil Keystone drawing tablet Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging in September 2009. Last 3 pages not digitized. Last 3 pages digitized by Boston

The sign writer and glass embosser / by W. & W.G. Sutherland.
Library

Sutherland, William, b. 1820. Sutherland, W. G. (William George) 113021 Manchester: Printed and published by The Decorative Art Journals Co., Ltd.; London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent, & Co., Ltd., 1898. [2], 62 p., XXXII leaves of plates: col. ill.; 47 cm. TT360 Chapters include various

[Perfume manufacturer's sample album].
Library

L.T. Piver (Firm), [Paris, France]. Museu del Perfum (Barcelona, Spain) 115034 [Paris: L. T. Piver (Firm), n.d., 1886-1890] [35] leaves: col. ill.; 38 cm. Piver, L.T. (Firm) Notable acquisition 2010. Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging in July 2010. Includes perfume bottles and labels, creams,

Whitall, Tatum & Co. glass manufacturers: druggists', chemists' and perfumers' glassware [and] druggists' sundries.
Library

Whitall Tatum Company, Philadelphia, PA, USA. 113016 Druggists', chemists' and perfumers' glassware [and] druggists' sundries. 1880 [catalog] Glassware [catalog] Philadelphia, Pa.: New York, N.Y.: Whitall Tatum & Co., 1880. 72 p.: ill.; 23 cm. Whitall Tatum Company Notable

The American art of glass / John La Farge.
Library

La Farge, John, 1835-1910. 106622 New York: J. J. Little, [n.d., between 1893-1899?] 22 p.; 24 cm. NK5312 Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging in September 2009. Digital file missing pages 1-7. Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging in May 2012. Cover title. "To be read in connection with Mr. Louis C.

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