All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Librarian at our Rakow Research Library.

Pages

Still Life with Two Plums (503)
Audio

Still Life with Two Plums play pause stop mute unmute max volume repeat repeat off Cro Magnon Man--> Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. 503 Flora C. Mace (American, b. 1949) and Joey Kirkpatrick (American

Dale Chihuly: A Selective Biography
Article

Dale Chihuly, who was born in Tacoma, Washington in 1941, has become an internationally celebrated personality in contemporary art and design whose prominence in the field of contemporary studio glass is unmatched. He is a generous and charismatic individual with a forceful personality, who

GlassLab Design Session: Q Cassetti
Video

Designer Q Cassetti describes working with GlassLab during a design session on Governors Island in NYC, July 1, 2012. The Corning Museum of Glass partnered w...

Rich cut glass.
Library

C.G. Alford & Co., Honesdale, PA, USA. 128345 Honesdale, Pa.: C. G. Alford & Co., Inc., 1903 (Chicago: Binner-Wells Co.) 36 p.: ill.; 24 x 31 cm. Alford, C.G., & Co. CMGL c.2 received as part of ACGA Archives. CMGL has a spiral bound photocopy of this catalog received as part of ACGA

Diamond air trap
Glass Dictionary Term

Decoration consisting of bubbles of air trapped in the glass in a diamond-shaped pattern. This is achieved by blowing a gather of glass into a mold with projections of the desired design, withdrawing it, and covering it with a second gather, which traps pockets of air in the indentations. This

Acid polishing
Glass Dictionary Term

The process of making a glossy, polished surface by dipping the object, usually of cut glass, into a mixture of hydrofluoric and sulfuric acids. This technique was developed in the late 19th century. acid polish acid polishing acid polishes

Flameworking
Glass Dictionary Term

The technique of forming objects from rods and tubes of glass that, when heated in a flame, become soft and can be manipulated into the desired shape. Formerly, the source of the flame was an oil or paraffin lamp used in conjunction with foot-powered bellows; today, gas-fueled torches are used.

Foot-ring
Glass Dictionary Term

A separate ring of glass added to the base after the body of the vessel has been formed. Foot-rings Foot rings Foot ring base-rings base ring Base-ring Beaker

Chair
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) The bench used by the gaffer while forming a glass object. Traditionally, this is a wide bench with arms, on which the gaffer rests the blowpipe with its parison of molten glass and rolls it backward and forward so that the parison retains its symmetrical shape during the forming process. (2)

Cupping glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A small cup in which a partial vacuum is created for cupping. Cupping is the technique of drawing blood to the surface of the body, usually for bloodletting. cupping glasses bleeding glasses Bleeding glass Cupping Glass

Jacks
Glass Dictionary Term

A tool with two metal arms joined at one end by a spring. The distance between the arms is controlled by the glassworker, who uses jacks for a variety of purposes while shaping the parison (for example, to form the mouths of open vessels). This tool is also known as a borsella or pucellas. pucella

Cylinder glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Window glass made by inflating a large gather and swinging it until it forms a cylinder. The cylinder is then detached from the blowpipe, and both ends are removed with shears. Next, the cylinder (sometimes known as a muff) is cut lengthwise, reheated, and either tooled or allowed to slump until it

Lost wax casting
Glass Dictionary Term

A technique adapted from metalworking. The object to be fashioned in glass is modeled in wax and encased in clay or plaster that is heated. The wax melts and is released through vents or “gates,” also made of wax, which have been attached to the object before heating. The clay or plaster dries and

Ice glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A decorative effect that causes the surface of the glass to resemble cracked ice. This is achieved by repeatedly plunging a parison of hot glass into cold water and withdrawing it quickly. The thermal shock creates fissures in the surface, and these impart a frosted appearance after the parison has

Gemel
Glass Dictionary Term

A pair of bottles blown separately and then fused, usually with the two necks pointing in different directions. gemels Double cruets Double cruet Gemel Bottle

Zwischengoldglas
Glass Dictionary Term

(German, “gold between glass”) A type of decoration, produced in Bohemia and Austria in the 18th century, in which a design in gold or silver leaf is incorporated between two vessels that fit together precisely. Unlike Hellenistic and Roman gold glass, which is fused, Zwischengoldglas is bonded

Verre églomisé
Glass Dictionary Term

(French) A decorative technique in which gold or silver leaf is applied to the back side of a piece of glass, engraved, and protected by varnish, metal foil, or another piece of glass. The name is derived from the French mirror and picture framer Jean-Baptiste Glomy (d. 1786). Decoration of this

Sulphide
Glass Dictionary Term

A small ornamental object of white porcelainlike material, made to be encased in glass. The term is also applied to objects that are decorated with sulphides. They were popular in Europe and America throughout the 19th century. The term “sulphide” is probably connected with the use of sulfur by

Frigger
Glass Dictionary Term

The English term for an object made by a glassworker on his own time. Most friggers were made from the molten glass that remained in the pot at the end of the day. Such glass was considered to be a worker’s perquisite. American glassworkers referred to friggers as “end-of-day” objects. They are

Winged goblet
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of goblet with the stem in the form of vertical, winglike flanges composed of trails arranged in a complex design that may include dragons, sea horses, and other creatures. The German term for a winged goblet is Flügelglas. winged goblets winged-goblet winged-goblets Flügelglas Winged Goblet

Gold glass
Glass Dictionary Term

The term applied to several types of Hellenistic and ancient Roman glass objects decorated with designs cut and/or engraved in gold leaf, which is sandwiched between two fused layers of glass. Hellenistic gold glass was made by sandwiching the decoration between two closely fitting cast, ground,

Mold
Glass Dictionary Term

A form used for shaping and/ or decorating molten glass. Some molds (e.g., dip molds) impart a pattern to the parison, which is then withdrawn, and blown and tooled to the desired shape and size; other molds (sometimes known as full-size molds) are used to give the object its final form, with or

Bit
Glass Dictionary Term

A mass of molten glass, usually small and freshly gathered from the furnace. In a team of glassworkers, the bit gatherer removes bits from the furnace, using a bit iron. Bits are also known as gobs. bits gobs Gob

Reverse painting
Glass Dictionary Term

The term applied to a number of decorative techniques, all of which involve painting, on the back side of the glass, a design that is viewed from the front (that is, through the glass). Because of this, the painter must apply the pigments in the reverse of the normal order, beginning with the

Relief cutting
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of cut glass with decoration in high relief, made by removing the background. Relief cuttings Relief-cut Relief-cuts Relief-cutting Releif cutting Hochschnitt Goblet

Art Nouveau
Glass Dictionary Term

(from French, “new art”) An international late 19th- and early 20th-century decorative style characterized by organic foliate forms, sinuous lines, and non-geometric, “whiplash” curves. Art Nouveau originated in Europe in the late 1880s, and reached the peak of its popularity around 1900. In

Chalk glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A colorless glass containing chalk, developed in Bohemia in the late 17th century. Vessels of thick chalk glass were often elaborately engraved. chalk glasses Kalkglas Covered Goblet

Gold ruby
Glass Dictionary Term

Deep red glass colored by the addition of gold chloride to the batch. The method of making gold ruby glass was perfected by Johann Kunckel (1637-1703) in Potsdam shortly before 1679. gold-ruby Kunckel red Scent Bottle with Stopper

Network mosaic glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Hellenistic and Roman glass composed of spirally wound canes, usually colorless and white or yellow, that are fused to create an overall pattern with a lacy appearance; %%lacy mosaic glass%% hence the alternative name. network-mosaic glass network mosaic glasses Lacy mosaic glass

Lattimo
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Italian latte, “milk”) Opaque white glass, usually opacified by tin oxide or arsenic. milk glass milkglas milkglass Milchglas The Rothschild Bowl

Pages