All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper  with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Librarian at our Rakow Research Library.

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Prismatic cutting
Glass Dictionary Term

A decorative pattern of long, mitered grooves, cut horizontally in straight lines so that the top edges of each groove touch the edges of the adjoining grooves. Prismatic cutting is usually found on the necks of pitchers and decanters.

Trailing
Glass Dictionary Term

The process of applying trails of glass as decoration on the body, handle, or foot of a vessel. It is done by laying or winding softened threads on a glass object during manufacture. Combed decoration Amphoriskos

Plating
Glass Dictionary Term

A 19th-century American synonym for casing. Peachblow Lamp

Inclusions
Glass Dictionary Term

A collective term for bubbles, metal and glass particles, and other foreign materials that have been added to the glass for decorative effects. Basket with 10 Medallion Sulphides

Crimper
Glass Dictionary Term

A tool used for decorating objects by giving them a crimped or wavy edge.

Colored glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Glass that is colored by (1) impurities in the basic ingredients in the batch or (2) techniques of coloring glass by one of three main processes: (a) using a dissolved metallic oxide to impart a color throughout, (b) forming a dispersion of some substance in a colloidal state, and (c) suspending

Cold colors
Glass Dictionary Term

Pigments applied as decoration to glass by cold painting. Portrait Medallion of Louis XIV

Battledore
Glass Dictionary Term

A glassworker’s tool in the form of a square wooden paddle with a handle. Battledores are used to smooth the bottoms of vessels and other objects.

Botanical Wonders: Flameworking Then and Now
Audio

play pause stop mute unmute max volume repeat repeat off Cro Magnon Man--> Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. 810 In Botanical Wonders: The Story of the Harvard Glass Flowers, The Corning Museum of Glass

Hoppus's tables for measuring, or practical measuring made easy, by a new set of tables... / by E. Hoppus.
Library

Hoppus, E. (Edward), d. 1739. 121245 Tables for measuring Practical measuring made easy, by a new set of tables Hoppus's measurer London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co.: Hamilton & Co.: Dean & Son: Houlston & Sons: Kent & Co., [n.d., ca. 1900?] New ed., greatly improved. lx, 226

Quelques discours et toasts / prononcʹes par M. Hubert, Ministre de l'industrie et du travail.
Library

Hubert, Armand. Exposition universelle et internationale (1910: Brussels, Belgium) 127957 Exposition de Bruxelles en 1910 [Bruxelles: A. Lesigne, 1911?] 213 p., [1] leaf of plates: ill.; 29 cm. T467.L1 CMGL copy is no. 27 of 200 and inscribed by author to the Duc d'Ursel. Digitized by Boston

Cenník dubodolské sklárny.
Library

Morawtzovi Synové, Prague, Czech Republic. 128446 Prague: Morawtzovi Synové, [n.d., ca. 1895] (Praha: Tiskem Heller & Stránský̮) 33 p.: ill.; 27 cm. Morawtzovi Synové Notable Acquisition 2012. Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging April 2012. Cover title. Trade catalog. Catalog is not dated,

Artistic gas fittings.
Library

128473 [Birmingham, U.K.: s.l.; n.d., 1904?-1912?] (Birmingham: Buckler & Webb Ltd., Argyle Press) 199 p.: ill.; 28 cm. Artistic gas fittings Somewhat later, but similar to a William & Chinner Company lighting catalog [1860] (Bib 69446) Digitized by Boston Photo Imaging April 2012. Includes

Art Deco
Glass Dictionary Term

From French, Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, an exhibition in Paris in 1925. A style of design that originated in the 1920s and was popular in western Europe and the United States in the 1930s. Art Deco is distinguished by simple, streamlined shapes and

Amphoriskos
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Greek, “small amphora”) A small jar with two handles, used for perfume or toilet oil in the pre-Roman and Roman periods. Amphoriskos

Amen glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A rare type of English wineglass with a drawn stem. The bowl is decorated by diamond-point engraving with verses from the Jacobite hymn followed by the word “Amen,” and with emblems associated with the Jacobite uprising of 1715. Jacobite glass The Mesham Amen Goblet

Amberina
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of Art Glass that varies in color from amber to ruby or purple on the same object. This shaded effect is due to the presence of gold in the batch. The object is amber when it emerges from the lehr, but partial reheating causes the affected portion to become red or purple. Amberina, developed

Ale glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of English drinking glass for ale or beer. Ale glasses, first made in the 17th century, have a tall and conical cup, a stem, and a foot. They may be enameled, engraved, or gilded with representations of hops or barley. Ale Glass

Alabaster glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of translucent white glass, similar to opal glass, first produced in Bohemia in the 19th century. In the 1920s, Frederick Carder (1863- 1963) introduced alabaster glass at Steuben Glass Works in Corning, New York. Carder’s alabaster glass has an iridescent finish made by spraying the object

Acanthus
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) A group of Mediterranean, Asian, and African plants with large, spiny leaves; hence (2) ornament that resembles the leaves of the species Acanthus spinosus.

Seeds
Glass Dictionary Term

Minute bubbles of gas, usually occurring in groups.

Plastic
Glass Dictionary Term

Susceptible to being modeled or shaped. When it is in a molten state, glass can be described as plastic.

Alkali
Glass Dictionary Term

In glassmaking, a soluble salt consisting mainly of potassium carbonate or sodium carbonate. It is one of the essential ingredients of glass, generally accounting for about 15-20 percent of the batch. The alkali is a flux, which reduces the melting point of the major constituent of glass, silica.

Lithyalin
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Greek lithos, “stone”) A type of glass, developed in Bohemia by Friedrich Egermann (1777-1864), that is opaque and has a marbled surface resembling semiprecious stones. Lithyalin Beaker

Lime
Glass Dictionary Term

Calcined limestone, which, added to batch in small quantities, gives stability. Before the 17th century, when its beneficial effects became known, lime was introduced fortuitously as an impurity in the raw materials. The addition of insufficient lime can cause crizzling.

Leaded glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Composite arrangements of pieces of flat glass that are held together by lead (or sometimes by zinc or some other metal) cames. Stained glass windows are the most prominent examples of leaded glass. Panel with Washington Coat-of-Arms Panel with Washington Coat-of-Arms

Lead glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Glass that contains a high percentage of lead oxide (at least 20 percent of the batch). In modern times, glass of this type was patented in 1674 by George Ravenscroft (1632-1683), who added a larger amount of lead in 1676. Lead glass is relatively soft, and its refractive index gives a brilliance

Krateriskos
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Greek, “small mixing bowl”) A small vessel with a wide mouth and body, and a foot. The term is often used to describe certain core-formed Egyptian vessels of the second millennium B.C.

Kick
Glass Dictionary Term

A concavity in the base of a vessel, usually made by depressing the base with a tool. The provision of a kick strengthens the bottom of the vessel and reduces the vessel’s capacity. Beaker

Intarsia
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Italian intarsio, “marquetry”) A type of glass developed by Frederick Carder (1863-1963) about 1920. A design of colored glass was applied to a parison of a different color, then flashed with a second parison of the same color as the first. Intarsia Footed Vase

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