All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper  with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Librarian at our Rakow Research Library.

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Continuous Perfection: Optical-Quality Glass
Article

They make glass. By day and night, the fires burn on … and bid the sand let in the light.     -Carl Sandburg, In Reckless Ecstasy, 1904. To see the unseeable: the quest is unending. But lenses and prisms are only as good as their glass. Optical-quality glass must be flawless. Even tiny flecks,

Tooling
Glass Dictionary Term

The result of using a tool or tools. Jug with Nipt-diamond-waies

Josh Simpson's 100-Pound Megaplanet
Article

In April 2005, The Corning Museum of Glass commissioned the artist Josh Simpson to create the world's first 100-pound glass paperweight, which will be part of Simpson's series of solid glass spheres he calls "planets" or " Megaplanets." It will be the 1,000th %

Staining
Glass Dictionary Term

In glassworking, the process of coloring the surface of glass by the application of silver sulfide or silver chloride, which is then fired at a relatively low temperature. The silver imparts a yellow, brownish yellow, or ruby-colored stain, which can be painted, engraved, or etched. Drinking Horn

Coil base
Glass Dictionary Term

A trail of glass drawn out to form a ring or conical foot on which the vessel stands. Tall Beaker (Stangenglas)

Clutha
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of glass with air traps and specks of aventurine, patented in the 1890s by James Couper, Christopher Dresser, and George Walton. Clutha

Broken-swirl ribbing
Glass Dictionary Term

Mold-blown decoration that has two sets of ribs. This is made by blowing the gather in a vertically ribbed dip mold, extracting and twisting it to produce a swirled effect, and then redipping it in the same or another dip mold to create a second set of ribs. Flask

Bottle glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A common, naturally colored, greenish or brownish glass. The color is characteristic of glass that includes traces of iron found in the silica used as the major ingredient. Such glass is inexpensive to produce, and it is used for such items as bottles, when good quality is not essential. Sometimes,

Blown three-mold glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Glassware made in America between about 1815 and 1835 that was blown in a fullsize mold that (despite the popular name) consisted of between two and five pieces. Footed Bowl

Blobbing
Glass Dictionary Term

The technique of decorating hot glass by dropping onto the surface blobs of molten glass, usually of a different color or colors. Beaker or Lamp

Pomona
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of Art Glass developed by Joseph Locke (1846-1936) at the New England Glass Company and patented in 1885. Made of colorless glass, it was mold-blown repeatedly, partly etched and stained amber or rose, and decorated with blue and amber garlands of flowers and fruits. Lemonade Glass in "

Burner
Glass Dictionary Term

The part of a lamp where the flame is produced. Early Fluid Burning Lamp

Hyalith
Glass Dictionary Term

Two varieties of glass, opaque black and opaque red, developed by the Bohemian glassmaker Jirí von Buquoy (1781-1851) and patented in 1817 and 1819 respectively. Hyalith Beaker

Aryballos
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Greek) A small globular flask with two handles, used by the ancient Greeks and Romans to contain toilet oil. Aryballos or Oil Flask

Alembic
Glass Dictionary Term

(from Arabic al-anbiq, “the still”) An apparatus used for distilling. Alembic

Masonic glass
Glass Dictionary Term

A glass object decorated with emblems or inscriptions associated with Freemasons. Masonic Decanter

Luster
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) A shiny metallic effect made by painting the surface with metallic oxides that have been dissolved in acid and mixed with an oily medium. Firing in oxygen- free conditions at a temperature of about 1150°F (600°C) causes the metal to deposit in a thin film that, after cleaning, has a distinctive

Lacy-pattern glass
Glass Dictionary Term

Nineteenth-century pressed glass whose patterns include extensive stippling to produce a bright, lacelike effect that conceals wrinkles caused when the cold plunger of the pressing machine came into contact with the hot glass. Tray

Arabesque
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) In Islamic art, an intricate pattern of interlaced ornament consisting of curvilinear stems and tendrils that terminate in leaves; (2) in Renaissance and later European art, a pattern of interlaced curvilinear stems, scrolls, and leaves, sometimes containing animal motifs. Vase

Moss Agate
Glass Dictionary Term

A variety of Art Glass developed by John Northwood (1836-1902) and Frederick Carder (1863- 1963) in England in the late 1880s. It was made by casing a parison of soda-lime glass with colorless lead glass, then covering it with powdered glass of several colors, and casing it again with lead glass.

Krautstrunk
Glass Dictionary Term

(German, “cabbage stalk”) A type of beaker with a cup-shaped mouth and a cylindrical or barrelshaped body decorated with prunts, made in Germany between the 15th and 17th centuries. It was the forerunner of the Römer. Reliquary Beaker (Krautstrunk)

Making Ideas: Experiments in Design at GlassLab
Article

Making Ideas: Experiments in Design at GlassLab showcases the Museum’s signature design program, GlassLab, in which designers are invited to work with hot glass. The exhibition features over 150 design prototypes by nearly 50 international designers. Over the last decade, the field of design has

Grisaille
Glass Dictionary Term

(from French gris, “gray”) (1) A method of decorative painting in monochrome gray especially, but not exclusively, on stained glass windows; (2) brown paint made from iron oxide, which, when fused to the glass, defines details in a stained glass window. Grisaille Lancet

Gadroon
Glass Dictionary Term

A flutelike decorative motif, usually short in proportion to its width, that often approaches an oval form. Posset Pot with Raven's Head Seal

Folded rim
Glass Dictionary Term

A rim that has been folded to double its thickness and thereby increase its strength. fluted rims Footed Bowl with Engraved Decoration

Frosting
Glass Dictionary Term

(1) A matte finish produced by exposing the object to fumes of hydrofluoric acid; (2) a network of small surface cracks caused by weathering. Victoire

Diatreta
Glass Dictionary Term

A term used by Frederick Carder (1863-1963) to describe openwork objects that he made by lost wax casting. Diatreta Vase

Favrile
Glass Dictionary Term

A type of glass with an iridescent surface, patented by Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) in 1894. Favrile Ribbed Bowl with Engraved Vine

Masters of Studio Glass: Jiří Harcuba
Article

Heritage means to select the most valuable thing from history and hand it over to the next generation... Prehistorical rock engravings are closer to our contemporary artistic views than classical art. Other manifestations of the primary art of Australia, Africa, and Oceania as well as folk art

Daumenglas
Glass Dictionary Term

(German, “thumb glass”) A large cylindrical or barrel-shaped forest glass beaker with circular indentations for the user’s fingers and thumbs. Daumengläser were made in Germany and the Netherlands in the 16th and 17th centuries. Drinking Barrel (Daumenglas)

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