A group of matching objects comprising a sugar bowl, creamer, spoon holder, and butter dish.
(Italian) A square-ended knife used to shape or sculpt molten glass on the blowpipe.
A large receptacle constructed in a furnace for melting batch. Tanks, which were first used in antiquity, replaced pots in larger glass factories in the 19th century.
A tall, thin vessel for tapers. Tapers are long wicks coated with wax for use as a spill.
(from Italian, “cup”) An ornamental dish or cup on a stemmed foot. Tazzas were generally made for drinking, for displaying fruit or sweetmeats, and as purely decorative objects.
A drop-shaped air bubble enclosed in a glass, usually in the stem.
(from Latin, “small square tablet or block”) A small piece of glass or other suitable material, used in the formation of mosaics.
The process of winding a thin trail of glass around an object to create the appearance of parallel lines. In 1876, W. J. Hodgetts of Stourbridge, England, patented a machine that produced very regular and closely spaced threads.
A device for holding a drawn curtain back from the window. Some 19th- and 20th-century tiebacks have glass pommels or bosses.
(from Italian, “engraving”) A method of wheel engraving whereby the ornamentation is cut into the object and lies below the surface plane. The German name for this technique is Tiefschnitt.
A popular term for a small pressed glass plate, made between about 1830 and 1870, presumably as a saucer under a toddy glass. Toddy is a beverage composed of whiskey or another liquor, hot water, and sugar.
A bottle for perfume or toilet water. Ancient Roman toilet bottles are frequently known as unguentaria.
Any instrument used by glassworkers to develop and shape an object. Glassworkers’ tools include the blowpipe, pontil, gathering iron, jacks, shears, clapper, pallet, block, pincers, battledore, lipper, and crimper.
The result of using a tool or tools.
A strand of glass, roughly circular in section, drawn out from a gather.
The process of applying trails of glass as decoration on the body, handle, or foot of a vessel. It is done by laying or winding softened threads on a glass object during manufacture.
A glass, usually for wine and often of extraordinary shape, designed to be as difficult as possible to drink from without spilling the contents. In drinking competitions, any drinker who spilled wine was required to start again with a full glass.
(from Latin) The popular term for an ancient Roman dipper in the form of a shallow bowl with a single horizontal handle.
(from French terrine, “flat-bottomed dish”) A deep, usually oval bowl with a lid, for serving soup; also, a smaller vessel with the same form, for serving sauce or gravy.
A type of decoration in the stems of 18th-century and later drinking glasses, made by twisting a glass rod embedded with threads of white glass, threads of colored glass, columns of air (air twists), or a combination of all three.