The lion-mask stem is a hollow stem made by blowing a gather into a mold patterned with two lion’s masks, usually separated by festoons. Such stems were first used in Venice in the 16th century, and they later became a hallmark of façon de Venise glass. In this video, a lion-mask stem is blown in a mold. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath.
The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s, the wonders of Venetian glass were well known throughout western Europe. Not well known, however, was how these objects were made. Until now. The result of 30+ years of research by William Gudenrath, The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking presents 35 complete reconstructions of Venetian glassmaking techniques through detailed 360˚ photography and high-definition video.