Cameo Scent Bottle with Swan and Christmas Rose

Object Name: 
Cameo Scent Bottle with Swan and Christmas Rose

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Object Name: 
Cameo Scent Bottle with Swan and Christmas Rose
Place Made: 
Accession Number: 
Overall H: 7.3 cm, W: 4.9 cm, D: 3.3 cm
On Display
about 1880-1890
Credit Line: 
Gift of the Ennion Society
Web Description: 
This bottle is a rare example of specialty cameo glass production attributed to Jules Barbe (French, 1847–?) and Fridolin Kretschman (born Bohemia, c. 1850–1898), both members of the Woodalls’ Gem Cameo team. The pair also collaborated on a gourd shaped vase in the Museum’s collection (89.2.7). Jules Barbe had been working in Paris in 1878 when he was recruited by Thomas Wilkes Webb. Barbe gilded glass by dissolving powdered gold in a wet paste and painting it onto the surface of the glass. The glass was fired in a muffle furnace and burnished with spun glass fibers. Fridolin Kretschman was employed by several major glass firms in England and America during the late 19th century. Born to a family of glass engravers in Bohemia, he immigrated to England around 1868 and was active in London before moving to Stourbridge around 1881. His name regularly appeared in the Woodall’s price book. Kretchman’s other known works include a signed cameo portrait of the German chancellor Otto von Bismark and a portrait medallion of Queen Victoria. In October 1891, he arrived in New York City on a ship from Liverpool and probably moved directly to Corning. He was operating in Corning in 1893, at which point his name appeared in the first city directory. From 1894 until his death in 1898, Kretschman lived in New York City and worked for Tiffany Studios at Corona. Published: 2016.2.7: Grover and Grover (previous), pp. 265, figure C210; Goldstein, Rakow, and Rakow (previous), No. 80. 2016.2.8: Grover and Grover (previous), pp. 265, figure C210. For further information on Barbe and Kreschmann, see Jane Shadel Spillman, “Tiffany Glass and Fridolin Kretschmann.” Journal of Glass Studies vol. 54, 2012, pp. 264-269; David Whitehouse, English Cameo Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, New York: Corning Museum of Glass, 1994, pp 34-37; Grover and Grover (previous), pp 16-18.
Jacobson, Susan Kaplan, Source
Grover, Raymond, Former Collection
Primary Description: 
Cameo Scent Bottle with Swan and Christmas Rose. Transparent red and white glasses, blue, white, green, orange, brown, and yellow paint or enamel, gilding, silver; cased, blown, carved, painted or enameled, gilded, assembled. Flattened globular white on transparent red glass scent bottle. One side of bottle decorated with white swan set between blue flowers and cattails; opposite side of bottle decorated two "Christmas roses"; bluish-green leaves and stems decorate bottom half. Relief layer painted in blues, white, green, orange, brown, and yellow, possibly fired enamel. Background of gilded dots. Silver neck fixed to top of bottle; undecorated globular cap hinged to neck (a modern replacement).
English Cameo Glass (1980) illustrated, p. 265, fig. C210; BIB# 20952