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Object Name: 
Accession Number: 
Overall H: 26.1 cm, Diam (max): 10.5 cm
On Display
about 1900
Credit Line: 
Purchased with funds from the Martha J. Herpst Estate
Web Description: 
While certain flowers have long held symbolic meanings, a prescribed language of flowers developed during the 19th century. Etiquette manuals and clever advertising campaigns suggested pairing specific flowers and vases for optimum display. A number of products made by glass companies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries reflected this cultural trend. Among these firms was the Union Glass Company, which operated from 1851 to 1927. These three optic-molded green vases (2014.4.4, 2014.4.5, and 2014.4.6) were part of a lucrative series of glass vessels made for florists between about 1900 and 1905. The “Garden” glass line consisted of vases, bowls, decanters, and pitchers with names matching the flowers for which they were designed, such as “Morning Glory,” “Narcissus,” and “Daisy.” With the help of two of the company’s catalogs, dating from 1900 and 1902, we have identified two of our newly acquired vases as “Lilac” and “Forget-Me-Not.” Such vases could be ordered in either “Green” or “Crystal,” and they were priced by the dozen. For example, a dozen eight-inch “Lilac” vases cost $8.00 around 1900, and the price increased to $9.00 a few years later. These vases have been added to a diverse and significant group of Union Glass objects acquired by the Museum in 2008. Union was the first glassmaking venture for the Houghton family, which owned and operated the firm until 1864. Production changed over the years from utilitarian glass, such as lamps, pressed tableware, silvered glass, and industrial objects, to more luxurious wares, including fine-quality lead glass and colored Art Glass. For more information about the Union Glass Company, see Susan H. Myers, “The Smithsonian Institution and American Glass Manufacturers, 1904–1917,” Journal of Glass Studies, v. 50, 2008, pp. 217–248, esp. pp. 217–232; and Kelly Ann Conway, “Art Glass of Union Glass Company, Somerville, Massachusetts (1893–1927),” M.A. thesis, Parsons School of Design, 2005 (CMGL 92843).
Simmonds, Ian, Source
Jeffrey S. Evans & Associates, Former Collection
#110 / 10..
Affixed on base circular paper label with sawtooth outer edge
Primary Description: 
Vase. Transparent "Kelly" green glass; blown, optic-molded, applied. Conical vase widening slightly towards flared rim and tapering to applied circular foot with polished pontil mark. Body of vase has sixteen lightly molded vertical ribs.
The Corning Museum of Glass: Notable Acquisitions 2014 (2015) illustrated, p. 38 (#24); BIB# AI100547
Major Glass, Library Acquisitions Added to Corning Museum Collection (2015) illustrated, p. 326 (bottom left); BIB# 705344
The Corning Museum of Glass Annual Report 2014 (2014) illustrated, pp. 7, 26 (top left); BIB# 706293