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All About Glass

All About Glass

This is your resource for exploring various topics in glass: delve deeper with this collection of articles, multimedia, and virtual books all about glass. Content is frequently added to the area, so check back for new items. If you have a topic you'd like to see covered, send us your suggestion. If you have a specific question, Ask a Glass Question at our Rakow Research Library.

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Gladiator Cup with Handles
Video

The Chavagnes gladiator cup, made in the mid-first century A.D., was found in eastern France, and it is now part of the CMoG collection. It shows pairs of gladiators in combat, and some of their names are known from literary and epigraphic sources. This sports cup, blown in a mold with two vertical

Goblet Making on the Blowpipe
Video

A goblet—bowl, foot, and stem—is made on the blowpipe in this video. Learn more in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s, the wonders of Venetian glass were well known

Ein Gedi Bottle
Video

This video shows the making of the Ein Gedi bottle, which is dated to the mid-first century B.C. It is now in The Israel Museum, Jerusalem. Learn more in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance

Color-Band Bottle
Video

The small bottle shown in this video is made with bands of color. Learn more in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s, the wonders of Venetian glass were well known

Making Glass Tubes with a Bubble on the End
Video

The making of a small glass tube begins with the pulling of molten glass to form a tube. The tube is then reheated with a torch, the end is closed, and air is blown to create a small bubble. Learn more in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass

Later Goblet-Building Process
Video

In this video, a goblet is made using a technique that was employed in the 19th century and later. The stem and foot are made first, then set aside. Eventually, they are added to the cup with glue bits. Learn more in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The

Goblet made from Three Bubbles
Video

Three bubbles are attached to one another to create this goblet. The first bubble makes the bowl, the second creates the knop, and the third produces the foot. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry

Three-bubble Cup with Pineapple Dip Molding
Video

The bowl of this three-part goblet is made by using a pineapple dip mold. The object also includes a merese, a knop, and a foot. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the

Wineglass with A Penne
Video

A penne is a decorative technique that originated in antiquity. It was used by the Romans and, beginning in the 16th century, by the Venetians. Here, the technique is demonstrated using a wrap and a fin mold. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance

Wineglass with a Kuttrolf Stem
Video

A Kuttrolf is a flask with a neck that is divided into two or more tubes. It has Roman antecedents, it was made by German glassworkers in the later Middle Ages, and it is found among Venetian and façon de Venise glasses of the 16th and 17th centuries. The making of a Kuttrolf stem is the subject of

Wineglass with Flameworked Flowers
Video

This goblet has a stem with many constrictions, pincered bits, a gold-leaf edge, and flameworked flowers. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the

Fazzoletto
Video

A goblet is spun out to form a bowl with a final shape like a handkerchief floating downward after being tossed in the air. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden

Wineglass with Coin in Stem
Video

This wineglass contains a silver coin, which is found in the stem with many constrictions. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s, the

Three-bubble Goblet with Filigrana
Video

This goblet is made using filigrana, a style of blown glass made with colorless, white, and sometimes colored canes that originated on the island of Murano in the 16th century. The canemaking and glassblowing processes are shown in the video. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of

Tazza
Video

A tazza, a saucerlike bowl on a high stem, is constructed on a blowpipe. The bowl and foot of the object are unfluted glass, and the stem is made by dip molding and twisted to create fluting. The stem has many constrictions. Two mereses are shown. The foot has a folded edge, and the bowl is opened

Spoon
Video

The spoon created in this video has a twisted handle and prunts that are covered with gold leaf. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance

Small Cup with Two Handles
Video

This video shows the making of a flared two-handled vessel. The base of the vessel has a kick and a trail around the bottom edge. The symmetrical handles are added as the final step. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by

Simple Flared Wineglass
Video

Built on the blowpipe, this goblet has a slight flare, one constriction in the stem, and a merese. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s,

Reticello Platter
Video

This video shows the making of a reticello platter with a folded edge. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s, the wonders of Venetian glass

Reticello Lidded Bottle
Video

The Italian term vetro a reticello means “glass with a small network.” It refers to a type of blown glass made with canes organized in a crisscross pattern to form a fine net, which may contain tiny air traps. This video shows the making of a reticello bottle and lid. Learn more about this object

Reliquary
Video

A reliquary is a container of sacred relics. This example has suspension loops, a lid, and a finial. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the

Quatrefoil Goblet
Video

In this video, a crimp-edge molding tool sandwiches the glass between a solid form on the inside and metal jaws on the outside to create a quatrefoil shape. This technique would be the last step in the making of a quatrefoil goblet. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The

Millefiori Ball
Video

Here is a ball made with millefiori canes. Millefiori, originally an Italian word that means “1,000 flowers,” is also known as mosaic glass, referring to objects made from preformed elements placed in a mold and heated until they fuse. In this video, the process of making millefiori cane slices and

Lion-mask Stem
Video

The lion-mask stem is a hollow stem made by blowing a gather into a mold patterned with two lion’s masks, usually separated by festoons. Such stems were first used in Venice in the 16th century, and they later became a hallmark of façon de Venise glass. In this video, a lion-mask stem is blown in a

Lidded Goblet with Aqua Chain
Video

This lidded goblet has an aqua chain around the body, a merese, and a lid with a finial on the top. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s,

Lidded Bowl with Frit Decoration
Video

In this video, frit is added to a bubble and manipulated with pincers. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the early 1500s, the

Goblet with Inner Blue Ball
Video

This goblet has a blown blue ball inside the cup. In this video, the ball is attached to the inner part of the cup. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By

Goblet with Aqua Stem
Video

This goblet is built on the blowpipe. It has many constrictions in the stem, as well as an asymmetrical edge. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during

Footed Goblet with Pineapple Dip Molded Cup
Video

A pineapple dip mold is used to create the pattern on the body of this footed goblet. See 360˚ photography and learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during the Renaissance. By the

Footed Bowl with Filigrana
Video

This footed bowl is made with many techniques: filigrana, edge wraps, a merese, canes oriented in two directions, and nipt-diamond-waies. Learn more about this object in The Techniques of Renaissance Venetian Glassworking by William Gudenrath. The Venetian glass industry enjoyed a golden age during

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